In this time of reflection and re-assessment, we must also re-imagine futures. In that light here are a few pieces which I have either written or to which I have contributed... for thought and tco further important discussions:
All Ours, on the BLM protests as essential use of our public realm; https://landscapearchitecturemagazine.org/2020/06/16/all-ours/
Why history is critical for designers and design pedagogy; https://www.platformspace.net/home/why-history-for-designers-part-1
On access to public space/ public landscapes: https://www.curbed.com/2020/3/27/21191714/coronavirus-public-spaces-parks-hiking-trails
On access and public parks in cities: https://theconversation.com/parks-help-cities-but-only-if-people-use-them-103474
On Earth Day thinking about Environmental Justice: https://crosscut.com/2017/04/marching-for-science-seattle-earth-day-read-this-first-uw
On universities and cities working together: https://www.washington.edu/news/2015/10/27/uw-initiative-aims-to-tackle-city-regions-most-pressing-urban-issues/ See also Urban@UW: https://depts.washington.edu/urbanuw/about/about-urbanuw/
About my academic role and contributions:
On leave from the University of Washington where I am a professor in landscape architecture, I serve as the Program Director of the Garden & Landscapes Studies at Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collections, a research institute of Harvard University committed to the stewardship of research in the three areas of study: Byzantine Studies, Pre-Columbian Studies, and Garden & Landscape Studies. While here I will be leading a Mellon Urban Humanities Initiative titled "Democracy and the Urban Landscape: Race, Identity, and Difference" I want to begin by thanking the Andrew Mellon Foundation and all those who are partnering with me on this project including my advisory board: NDB Connolly (chair), Eric Avila, Willow Lung Amman, Michelle Wilkinson, Justin Garrett Moore, Alice Nash, and Dell Upton.
As Director of Urban@UW, I was privileged to partner with incredible faculty, staff, and students to catalyze research on urban challenges and opportunities at the UW. We do this work in collaboration with our communities, drawing on the deep knowledge and experience of Seattle's urban professionals and practitioners, and those in many other cities, to foster the growth of resilient, healthy, affordable, and just cities, from Seattle to the metropolitan regions far and wide. To achieve this we convene, educate, instigate, and accelerate inclusive data-driven innovations for the future of cities.
At UW I was honored to serve in faculty senate leadership. This was amazing work and I am extremely grateful to those who are following to focus on the challenges of diversity, academic freedom, and the role of the public university in the 21st century. Thank you to those who are carrying the work on, including the faculty disciplinary process (Zoe Barsness and Michael Townsend), UW Faculty 2050 (Joe Janes and Robin Angotti), and the important diversity, equity, and inclusion practices and policies (Rickey Hall, Ed Taylor, Chadwick Allen, and so many others).
Dumbarton Oaks is a remarkable place to be right now offering an extraordinary opportunity to contribute to shaping the discipline of landscape and urban history. I bring to this my curiosity about the built environment alongside a deep commitment to asking questions of difference and diversity in our public realm and what role design might play. This work included a colloquium on "Landscapes of Enslavement" in the fall, and will continue with a Spring Symposium titled "Segregation and Resistance in America's Urban Landscapes" in 2020 and in partnership with Drs. Michelle Daigle and Heather Dorries (University of Toronto) "Indigenous Ways of Knowing Land and Landscape" in Spring 2021.
For up to date cv- click here
Research- a summary
scholarship of urban landscape history
My scholarship, built on the scholarship of so many others, is framed by feminist histories of design and in particular the role of women as professionals and practitioners. I have sought to contribute to the growing body of scholarship with my book Unbounded Practices: Women, Landscape Architecture, and Early Twentieth Century Design (2009, University of Virginia Press, 2013, paperback edition) and more recently chapters, essays, and encyclopedia entries.
My recent work has explored the emerging scholarship on issues of race, gender, and urban landscapes. This engages issues of social movements, equity, and environmental justice within an historic framework. This includes re-thinking about questions of race, gender, segregation, and resistance in the practice of landscape architecture in the past two hundred years. It is complex. The idea of a thick section frames much of my work in the past decade with an essay soon to be featured in LUNCH, a journal curated at the University of Virginia School of Architecture.
Essay on a thick sections reading of Gas Works Park by Haag and Associates, here.
Review of my book on Richard Haag, here
Review of GGN book; https://dirt.asla.org/2019/01/07/ggn-re-envisions-the-monograph/
Teaching- a summary
bringing history to design thinking
I am honored this year by the CELA Outstanding Educator Award. Thank you to students and colleagues as this is deep team work.
My teaching engages all of the research areas within the context of how do the questions frame pedagogy and how best do I help students build a foundation to launch careers that address these questions. This includes lecture courses, seminars, studios, and workshop. My courses are in the history of cities and urban landscapes, the development of the profession of landscape architecture, and the ideas around creativity and innovation. I am pleased to have just had an essay accepted for publication on the importance of history in design pedagogy- stay tuned. It matters more than ever right now.
drawing as a way of thinking
Launched four years ago, our Department of Landscape Architecture joined forces with Seattle’s GGN firm to lead a series of weekend workshops, that focuses on representation in design. Drawing is a means of thinking and it is a language of dialogue. Drawing is a language that expands and enhances our visions for the future of our landscapes and as such calls for a robust and rigorous investigation and exploration. The weekend long workshops led by inspiring leaders in the design fields are posing and answering questions around how we draw, what we draw, and how we read drawings. Each of these experiences informs design as process and development and shapes how our communities understand and respond to design ideas and visions. See more at: http://be.uw.edu/design-in-drawing/
Feminist Histories and Alternative Narratives
My interest in the narratives of women and others often pushed to the margins in landscape architecture has led to research engaging issues of gender, race, design, and social history in distinct ways. My dissertation was transformed, translated, altered, modified to become Unbounded Practice: Women in Landscape Architecture in the Early Twentieth Century. The book explores the narrative of landscape architectural history within the larger framework of the emerging profession in the twentieth century.
Building on these explorations I have concentrated on how collective narratives of practice might inform the broader domain of landscape architecture history.I was a Beverly Willis Architecture Foundation Fellow in 2008 and was invited by the Foundation to present my research at the Guggenheim Museum (New York) in June 2009. The paper, “Constellations and Collective Histories: Women and Landscape Architecture,” described how a collective narrative expands our understanding and reading of the past and present, and by implication, the future.
My current scholarship explores histories of the public realm as manifested in urban landscapes, from the street to the park to the civic plaza.I am interested in how these places are imagined, designed, and used through the lens of practice and performance. This work is grounding my leadership at Dumbarton Oaks and most specifically my engagement in the Urban Landscape Studies Initiative "Democracy and the Urban Landscape: Race, Identity, and Difference," made possible by the Mellon Foundation.
For a blog / media posts:
About Marjorie Sewell Cautley and Phipps Houses: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CWNpR0F2hMs
Urban@UW and Collaborative Urban Research
Urban@UW is an initiative of the Office of Research at UW to foster a community of urban researchers, teachers, and practitioners. As the founding director, I teamed with faculty, students, and civic leaders to build the scaffold to nurture a growing community across the academy and the region committed to addressing the grand challenges of urbanism in the 21st century.
While my research is primarily historical, I have sought to contribute to the intense discourse around sustainable design and urbanisms. This began with a project that I and Margaret O’Mara in the History Department at UW developed in 2010, Now Urbanism: City Building in the 21st Century and Beyond. We were awarded a John E. Sawyer Seminar on Comparative Cultures funded by the Mellon Foundation with significant support from the Simpson Center for the Humanities, the College of Built Environments, and the College of Arts & Sciences (September, 2010 - December, 2012.) The project hosted nine monthly three-day symposiums on perspectives on urbanism for a year followed by quarterly workshops for faculty and practitioners. At the end of the two-year period we had engaged over 100 faculty participants and 1500 public attendees in the urban- oriented discussions.
The project framed new avenues of investigation through trans-disciplinary scholarship and practice and more specifically, the role of digital tools to enrich historical investigations and analysis. It generated a larger project: the UW Cities Collaboratory with the shared framework that considers cities as sites and agents of economic expansion, social interaction, political development, and cultural and intellectual incubation.To address these complexities, we must bring the best minds and ideas to the table
Today that work is at the foundation of Urban@UW (more information above). It remains a deeply interdisciplinary focused on collective impact and the generation of knowledge at the intersections of disciplines.
An annotated list of related and interesting projects others are leading....click here
Describing a discipline
History of landscape architecture is a complex endeavor as it engages narratives of our built environments, in their entirety and spans the entirety of human's existence,at least in theory. It is also the history of settlements on the land, making of place in the landscape. Thus it is about the history of cities, or the process of urbanization, by which cities are generated. Or it can mean the history of the profession of Landscape Architecture beginning with the emergence of design disciplines or professions in the Rennaissance. For others it is more recent, in the history of the profession that we know today, thus beginning in the mid-nineteenth century. For most it is a combination of these- a history of intentional design, making of the first settlements and cities, all the way through what we call a profession today in the 21st century.
In my research, landscape history engages multiple and diverse narratives about human relationships to landscape and our efforts to design, shape, manipulate landscape as a spatial medium for pleasure, for production, and for settlement. For my research, it is the intentionally spatial nature of designed landscapes that interest me rather than the production for example of agriculture which is generally focused on what can be produced, not how the land is shaped or formed. Cities and urban landscapes (streets, buildings, neighborhoods, transportation systems, infrastructural networks....) play critical roles as designed landscapes as do gardens, parks, and national parks. Together, as a whole, these designed landscapes frame our existence, our past, present, and futures on the planet aesthetically, socially, culturally, economically, politically, .... Furthermore I am intriqued by the designers, who imagines the design and how is it constructed? used and received? How do designed landscapes shape how we live in the world, an increasingly urban world? How can design foster civil society and sustainable life habits?
Here in the USA, there are a select few organizations of landscape historians or landscape architectural historians, each offering a different framework:
There are regionally based groups that focus on education, outreach, and preservation practice:
There are also excellent associations that support the work of landcape historians, particularly in research of preservation issues:
This is by no means a comprehensive list but provides a sense of the breadth and depth of current research, pedagogy, and engagement within the broad discipline and practice of landscape history. There are more organizations and associations in Europe, and around the world.
Teaching and researching history and design from within the College of Built Environments at the UW offers a means to bridge practice and theory, to study our past in order to define our potential futures as designers, planners, and visionaries (paraphrased from Confucius).
The University of Washington launched a collaborative initiative in urban research and practice—Urban@UW—that brings together diverse disciplines and practices to foster healthy, sustainable, resilient, and equitable urban futures. Urban@UW positions the University of Washington as a model urban university across all three of its campuses (Seattle, Tacoma, and Bothell) and the region. It also sites the College of Built Environments at the center of the transformation of the research university, as most recently evidenced in the designation of the UW as a Carnegie Community Engaged Institution. And together this work fosters the growth of Seattle as a model city—sustainable, efficient, resilient, livable, healthy, and equitable—building knowledge that can be used in cities and metropolitan regions around the globe.
Cities are complex systems that result from the dynamic interaction of people, the natural and built environments, landforms and land use, transportation, culture, and economic development. History, the environment, human choice, and social institutions all shape the trajectory of how cities have developed and what they will become. Many disciplines intersect in the study of cities and colleges and schools across the university are already contributing to the collaborative focus of Urban@UW. Research in the humanities explores the multiple meanings, ideas and representations of cities and citizens in the past and present, and imagined in the future. Environmental scientists provide a path for mitigating the adverse effects of human activities on the ecosystem. Social scientists generate knowledge of how cities are socially, spatially and culturally created and understood. Engineers, statisticians, and computer scientists harness new sources of data to advance our fundamental understanding of these dynamic interactions. Urban designers and planners use this knowledge to design and construct livable and resilient urban environments. Finally, the professions of social work, education, nursing, medicine, law, and public health among others address how we foster and grow healthy and socially just communities.
Landscape Architect A.E. Bye: Sculpting the Earth, Modern Landscape Design Series, Library of American Landscape History & W.W. Norton Publishing, pending approval.
GGN: 1999-2018, Timber Press, 2018
River Cities: City Rivers, edited collection, Harvard University/ Dumbarton Oaks Garden and Landscapes Studies, 2018.
From Modern Space to Urban Ecological Design: the Landscape Architecture of Richard Haag, 2015, University of Washington Press. See a trailer by clicking here
For an interview at Seattle Town Hall between Thaisa Way and Richard Haag, see
with Jeff Hou, Ben Spencer, and Ken Yocom, eds. Now Urbanism: The Future City Is Here, 2014, Routledge Publishing.
Unbounded Practice: Women and Landscape Architecture in the early Twentieth Century. University of Virginia Press, 2009, 288 pages (**paperback Fall 2013).
GGN: 1999-2018 narrates two decades of design practice by Gustafson Guthrie Nichol (GGN) , a landscape architecture firm based in Seattle, Washington. GGN was founded in 1999 by Jennifer Guthrie, Shannon Nichol, and Kathryn Gustafson, and it is world-renowned for designing high-use landscapes in complex, urban contexts. GGN: Landscapes 1999-2018 is the first book devoted to their ground-breaking work. It surveys some of their most important achievements including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Campus in Seattle, Washington; the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, DC; the Lurie Garden at Millennium Park in Chicago, Illinois; and the Venice Biennale in Italy. Packed with practical design lessons and inspiration, this is a must-have resource for design students and professionals, and fans of beautifully designed public spaces.
River Cities/ City Rivers is a collection of essays presented at the annual Dumbarton Oaks Garden and Landscape Studies Symposium of the same name. The essays explore the role of river landscapes in the development of a city, and in turn, the role of urbanism on the river's landscape. Authors include designers, historians, geographers, and humanists, as a means to investigate the boundaries of the academy and professional practice as well as the contributions of interdisciplinary approaches to the study of cities and their histories. The discourse builds on the emerging domain of urban environmental histories, with scholars in history, geography, urban studies, environmental history, and now designers. (https://dirt.asla.org/2015/05/21/river-cities-offer-lessons-on-how-to-adapt/)
From Modern Space to Urban Ecological Design: the Landscape Architecture of Richard Haag, is in part a monograph on his work as a landscape architect and founder of the Landscape Architecture program at the University of Washington, and in part on the emergence of urban ecological design as a framework for practice in the 21st century. While numerous essays note Haag's designs for the post industrial landscapes of Gas Works Park and Bloedel Reserve, there is little else published. My book offers a critical examination of Haag's praxis positioned within the histories of ecological design, post industrial landscape theory, and the discourses of modernism.
A co-edited book with Jeff Hou, Ben Spencer, and Ken Yocom titled Now Urbanism: The Future City is a collection of essays by practitioners and researchers drawing on a continued interest in how history and theory contribute to stronger and more resilient futures. This research focus builds on the practice, teaching, and research of the UW faculty in compelling ways.
Unbounded Practice: Women in Landscape Architecture in the Early Twentieth Century, explores the narrative of landscape architectural history within the larger framework of the emerging profession in the twentieth century. The book was selected to be the Faculty Book Award in the department of Landscape Architecture at the University of British Columbia and was awarded the 2009 Faculty Award for Completed Work by the UW College of Built Environments. In 2010 it was awarded the John Brinkerhoff Jackson Award by the Landscape Studies Foundation
College of Built Environments, University of Washington
Lake 2 Bay: The Healthiest Neighborhood in the World, an Urban Design Advanced Studio for LARCH and ARCH graduate students, Fall 2014.
Introductory Design Studio, taught with Julie Parrett, Fall 2012. LARC 323 Planting Design (Introduction to Trees), Fall 2012.
Acqua Romane: Re-imagining the urban waterfront, Studio taught at the UW Rome Center with Rob Corser and Ann Huppert, Architecture, UW Rome Center, Rome, Italy. Fall 2011.
InBEtween Climate and Built Environments: Designing for Urgent Change on the Pacific Rim, Collaboratively led with Ken Tadashi Oshima, Architecture, including travel to Japan for 12 days with students, Spring 2011.
Design Thesis Studio, Collaboratively led with Julie Parrett, Winter 2010. LARC 507 Landscape & Art /The Japanese Garden as Cultural Translation, Spring 2009.
Design Foundation Studio, Fall 2007/ 2008 /2012 (Jointly taught).
State University of New York: College of Environmental Science & Forestry
Design Studio I: Site Inventory and Analysis, Fall 2006 (Jointly taught).
Foundations Design Studio II, Spring 2006/ 2007 (Jointly taught).
Foundations Design Studio I, Fall 2005/ 2006. (Jointly taught).
Lecture Courses and Seminars
College of Built Environments, University of Washington
Contested Landscapes: Places of memories and histories, graduate seminar. Spring 2019.
Urban Environmental History: An American Context, Winter 2013, 2018.
Introduction to Faculty Research, Fall 2012.
History of Urban Design, Fall 2009/ Spring 2012.
History of Roman Urbanism: Architecture and Landscape, with Ann Huppert, Architecture, UW Rome Center, Rome, Italy. Fall 2011.
Advanced Communication: Graphic Representation, with Rob Corser, Architecture, UW Rome Center, Rome, Italy. Fall 2011.
History of Landscape Architecture, Fall 2008/ 2009/ 2010/ 2012.
History of Landscape Architecture Graduate Seminar, Fall 2008/ 2009/ 2010.
History of Modern Landscape Architecture, Winter 2008/ 2009/ 2011/2012/2013
Modern Landscape Architecture Graduate Seminar, Winter 2008/ 2009/ 2011/2012/2013.
Scholarship and Inquiry: Theory in Landscape Architecture, Winter 2011.
Architecture & Landscape, Spring 2009/ Spring 2010/ 2011.
Research Methods in Landscape Architecture, Winter 2008.
Cultural Landscapes and Vernacular Architecture, Spring 2008.
Urban Agriculture: Readings, Winter 2008 (MLA research group).
Teaching / Design Critique, Autumn 2007.
State University of New York: College of Environmental Science & Forestry
Research Methods in Landscape Architecture, Spring 2006/ 2007.
Modernist Manifestos in Landscape Architecture, Spring 2006.
Modernisms in Landscape Architecture, Fall 2005.
Architecture Across Cultures, Spring 2007.
Off Campus Design Studio (Japan) Spring/Summer 2007.
Aesthetics of Sustainable Design, Spring 2007.